Does calcium in diet prevent fractures in elderly people ?

Yes.

A study published in British Medical Journal (BMJ) looked at 7195 permanent residents living in 60 residential aged-care facilities in Australia.

Over a two year period, they provided residents in half the facilities (30 facilities) with additional milk, yoghurt, and cheese. The residents in the remaining 30 facilities who served as controls had their usual menus.

The study found that the additional calcium in diet is beneficial.

Improving calcium and protein intakes reduced the risk of falls and fractures that commonly occur in aged care residents.

References: Effect of dietary sources of calcium and protein on hip fractures and falls in older adults in residential care: cluster randomised controlled trial
BMJ 2021; 375 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n2364 (Published 21 October 2021)
Cite this as: BMJ 2021;375:n2364

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